• Voltage breakdown of semiconductor transitions
  • Destruction of the bond wire connections of components
  • Destruction of conductor paths or connections of printed circuit boards
  • Destruction of triacs or thyristors by too high dV/dt-values.

Operational faults

  • Undefined operation of logic gates, thyristors and triacs
  • Deletion of memory contents
  • Program errors or crashes
  • Data and transmission errors

Premature aging

Components that are exposed to overvoltages have a shorter service life.

(Damages and costs caused by overvoltages)

Damages 2

(Damage caused by overvoltage)